Canadian Academy of Periodontology

The foundation of a healthy smile

Periodontal disease

To understand periodontitis, it is important to have an idea of the anatomy of the tooth and its supporting structure.

In almost all cases, periodontitis starts with gingivitis.

In susceptible patients, plaque and tartar will cause irritation of the gums and bone loss.

This condition is called periodontitis.

Bone loss, means that the support of the tooth is reduced.

Uncontrolled continuation of bone loss leads to tooth loss.

When periodontitis is present:

  1. Pocket depth increases due to swelling and bone loss.
  2. The gums may bleed more easily when touched.
  3. The supporting bone level is reduced around the tooth.

Uncontrolled periodontal disease is a common cause of tooth loss in the adult population.

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